Alaska Sea Grant

Herring2000: Expectations for a New Millenium

18th Lowell Wakefield Fisheries Symposium

Anchorage, Alaska, USA
February 23-26, 2000

Contact: Brenda Baxter,

Registration Information
Updated 15 September 1999

* Symposium Background
* Program/Agenda
* Location and Facilities
* Registration
* Proceedings
* About the Wakefield Symposium Series
* Organizing Committee and Sponsors

Symposium Background

Herring have supported important subsistence and commercial fisheries in all northern oceans for centuries. Although past research on herring and herring fisheries has played a key role in the development of fisheries science and management concepts, herring fisheries have been characterized by unpredictable fluctuations, some resulting in collapse.

As we enter a new millennium, we face a number of challenges in the management of herring which demand further study, synthesis, and debate. To accommodate the increasing human population, expanding the harvest levels of herring may be necessary. Recent movement toward a precautionary approach and a more holistic view of fisheries management raises issues about (1) the sensitivity of populations to exploitation; (2) considerations of the broader role of herring in the ecosystem, both as a predator and a forage species; and (3) social and economic considerations associated with the resource.

The Wakefield symposium sponsors convened the Alaska Herring Symposium in 1980 and the International Herring Symposium in 1990. The beginning of the new millennium provides an opportunity to meet again to document new developments, to consider management policies, and to look at expectations and requirements for research and progress.

The goal of this symposium is to bring together scientists who manage herring, study herring biology and ecology, and study the social and economic aspects of herring fisheries to share information, to synthesize recent developments, and to plan for further work to help conserve the resource and assure sustainable fisheries.


The registration desk will open at 8:00 a.m. Wednesday, February 23. The program will begin at 9:00 a.m. on Wednesday, February 23, and conclude Saturday afternoon, February 26. There will be a reception after the presentations on Wednesday, February 23, and social hours with poster sessions after the presentations on Thursday and Friday, February 24 and 25.

The keynote address, The Role of Herring Investigations in Shaping Fisheries Science in the Past, and Expectations for the Future, will be presented by Robert L. Stephenson of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Biological Station, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, Canada.

The program is divided into the following eight sessions:

  1. Feeding and Competition
  2. Growth, Reproduction, and Production
  3. Norwegian Spring Spawning Herring
  4. Hydrography and Environmental Impacts
  5. Stock Assessment
  6. Species Interactions
  7. Fishery Management
  8. Consideration of Social and Economic Impacts

An interesting and important special session on the status of the world's herring stocks is being organized for inclusion in the program.

The agenda is on the Alaska Sea Grant web site and will be updated as needed. The program includes presentations by researchers in Canada, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Japan, Norway, Poland, Russia, Sweden, United Kingdom, and United States.

The official language of the symposium is English. Participants needing interpretation or translation services should provide their own.

Location and Facilities

The symposium will be held in Anchorage, Alaska's largest city and home to half the state's population. In February the average temperature is 26°F with approximately 10 hours 30 minutes of daylight. The city is at 60°N latitude on Cook Inlet, so come prepared--there should be snow.

All symposium sessions will be held at the Regal Alaskan Hotel. The hotel offers a wide range of guest services including complimentary transportation to and from the airport and downtown. Visit the hotel's web site for specific information:

Guestroom accommodations are available for symposium participants at a special rate of $79.00* per night for a single room or $94.00* per night for a double room (*plus 8% tax). Be sure to make your reservations by February 8, 2000, and mention the Wakefield symposium to obtain this special rate. Make reservations directly with the hotel:

Regal Alaskan Hotel
4800 Spenard Road
Anchorage, AK 99517
800/544-0553 (toll free)
907/243-2300 (voice)
907/243-8815 (fax)

Area Sightseeing

For sightseeing and cultural opportunities you may wish to take advantage of while in Anchorage, check out the following web sites:

Municipality of Anchorage:
Anchorage Convention and Visitors Bureau:
Alaska Visitors Association:
Recreational activities in Alaska:


The registration fee is $175.00 US if paid on or before January 15, 2000, or $200.00 US if paid after January 15. The fee covers light continental breakfast and break refreshments daily; a reception on Wednesday, February 23; socials on Thursday and Friday, February 24 and 25; symposium materials; and a copy of the symposium proceedings. You are urged to register and pay your fees in advance so that adequate materials are available.

Make checks payable to University of Alaska Sea Grant. Payment can also be made by VISA or Mastercard. If it becomes necessary to cancel your registration, fees will be refunded at 75% if notice is received by February 14, 2000.

To register for the symposium, fill out and return our printable registration form to the symposium coordinator, or register online using our secure registration form.

For further information contact:

Symposium Coordinator
Alaska Sea Grant College Program
PO Box 755040
Fairbanks, AK 99775-5040 USA
907/474-6701 (voice)
907/474-6285 (fax) (e-mail)

Collectible Symposium T-shirts Available!

Limited edition shirts with the two-color symposium logo, title, and sponsors on a medium green background will be available. Order your shirt with your advance registration to avoid the rush at the symposium and to be sure you get yours before the supply runs out. The cost is $12.00 per shirt. Wear your beautiful t-shirt with the Herring2000 logo at the symposium and afterward as a memento. Pick up your shirt at the symposium registration desk with your other symposium materials when you check in. See the registration form for additional information.


A peer-reviewed symposium proceedings including all papers and posters presented will be published as soon after the symposium as possible.

For a copy of the proceedings of the 1990 International Herring Symposium (AK-SG-91-01, 1991, 684 pp, containing 48 papers), order online at: You can also order by mail or phone: send checks payable to University of Alaska Sea Grant, or Mastercard/VISA numbers and expiration date, for $14.00 US for orders from the U.S. and Canada, or $26.00 US for overseas orders, to:

Alaska Sea Grant Publications
PO Box 755040
Fairbanks, AK 99775-5040 USA
907/474-6707 (voice)
907/474-6285 (fax)
888/789-0090 (toll free) (e-mail)

Proceedings of all Wakefield symposia have been published. Information on availability and ordering is on our web site:

About the Lowell Wakefield Symposium Series

The University of Alaska Sea Grant College Program has been sponsoring and coordinating the Lowell Wakefield Fisheries Symposium series since 1982. These meetings are a forum for information exchange in biology, management, economics, and processing of various fish species and complexes as well as an opportunity for scientists from high latitude countries to meet informally and discuss their work.

The symposium series had its origin in the Americanization of the fisheries off Alaska in the late 1970s. At that time a lack of information on target species impeded the ability to make good management decisions. In 1979 the North Pacific Fishery Management Council Scientific and Statistical Committee (SSC) recommended that scientists meet to look at the pandalid shrimp resource in circumpolar countries where the shrimp was commercially important. The meeting was held that year and a proceedings was published by Alaska Sea Grant. In 1980 the SSC suggested a meeting to provide information on herring. The meetings evolved into a series named in honor of Lowell Wakefield, who founded the Alaska king crab industry.

Wakefield recognized the two major ingredients necessary for the king crab fishery to survive were ensuring that a quality product was available to the consumer, and that a viable fishery could be maintained only through sound management practices based on the best scientific data available. Lowell Wakefield and Wakefield Seafoods played important roles in the development and implementation of quality control legislation, in the preparation of fishing regulations for Alaskan waters, and in drafting international agreements for the high seas. Toward the end of his career, Lowell Wakefield joined the faculty of the University of Alaska as an adjunct professor of fisheries where he influenced the early directions of the university's Sea Grant Program.

Organizing Committee

Brenda Baxter, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska Sea Grant College Program
Fritz Funk, Alaska Department of Fish and Game
Doug Hay, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada
A.J. Paul, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Marine Science, chair
Connie Ryan, California Department of Fish and Game
Rob Stephenson, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada
Reidar Toresen, Marine Research Institute, Norway
David Witherell, North Pacific Fishery Management Council
Mei-Sun Yang, U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service, Alaska Fisheries Science Center


Alaska Sea Grant College Program
Alaska Department of Fish and Game
North Pacific Fishery Management Council
U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service

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