Keynote and Invited Speaker Biographies

Symposium keynote speaker

Session 1: Progress on regional applications of ecosystem-based management

Session 2: New analytical tools

Session 3: Human dimensions of ecosystem-based fisheries management

Session 4: Case studies and practical solutions

Howard I. Browman, Keynote Speaker

Howard Browman completed a bachelor of science degree (major in marine biology), and a master’s degree in biological oceanography, at McGill University. He obtained a Ph.D. in limnology from the University of Kansas. He went on to postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Montréal, University of Victoria (in British Columbia) and Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (in Québec) before accepting a position as principal research scientist with the Institute of Marine Research in Bergen, Norway in 1998. Dr. Browman has published over 100 articles, books, and edited volumes including two theme sections on ecosystem-based management published in MEPS. More information about Dr. Browman and his activities is available at

Chris O’Brien, Invited Speaker

Chris O’Brien has a Ph.D. in marine ecology from the University of New South Wales, and has worked at the science-management interface of fisheries for 20 years. Chris was involved in the introduction of ecosystem-based fisheries management in New Zealand and the Pacific; and more recently, as Deputy Secretary at the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission, he was part of the efforts to introduce ecosystem considerations into the management of the tuna fisheries of the Indian Ocean. Currently, he works for FAO and is managing the Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem Project. The BOBLME Project began in May 2009 and one of its major aims is to implement an ecosystem approach to the management of two important regional fisheries in the Indian Ocean.

Rick Fletcher, Invited Speaker

Rick Fletcher obtained his Honours Degree in marine science from the University of Melbourne, and a Ph.D. in subtidal marine ecology from the University of Sydney. Since then he has had 25 years' experience conducting and managing research on fisheries-related issues in Australia and the South Pacific.

Dr. Fletcher is currently director of research for the Department of Fisheries in Western Australia and chairs a number of national committees aimed at implementing ecosystem approaches for fisheries within Australia. He is also a consultant on this issue to international agencies including the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and other regional fisheries agencies.

Tony Charles, Invited Speaker

Tony Charles is coordinator of the Environmental Studies Program at Saint Mary’s University, Halifax, and principal investigator of Coastal CURA (Community University Research Alliance), a project looking at coastal community engagement in ecosystem-based management. His publications include the books Sustainable Fishery Systems and Community Fisheries Management Handbook, FAO’s report on Human Dimensions of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries, and an upcoming study for OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) on integrated ocean management and its links to fisheries. Current areas of research include small-scale fisheries, marine protected areas, and local-level marine conservation.

Mitsutaku Makino, invited Speaker

Mitsutaku Makino, M.Phil. (Cambridge), M.A., Ph.D. (Kyoto), is a senior researcher in the Fisheries Management Section, Fisheries Research Agency of Japan. He is a special member of the Science Committee of Shiretoko World Natural Heritage, as well as a member of the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Commission on Ecosystem Management (CEM) Fisheries Expert Group (FEG).

Chang Ik Zhang

Chang Ik Zhang is director of the Institute of Fisheries Sciences, Pukyong National University, Republic of Korea. He received a Ph.D. in fisheries ecology from the University of Washington in 1987. He has served the Korean government as a member of the Presidential Commission on Agriculture, Fishery and Rural Policy, and the Presidential Commission on Policy Planning. Since 2005, Dr. Zhang has been a member of both the Marine Stewardship Council’s Technical Advisory Board and the Korea Academy of Science and Technology. He chaired the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna in 2009. His fields of interest are fisheries ecology, population and ecosystem dynamics, and fishery assessment and management. Dr. Zhang is the author of nine books in fisheries ecology and management. He has published more than 110 scientific papers, and given numerous presentations at scientific conferences, many of which have been keynote presentations.

Robert L. Stephenson

Rob Stephenson holds a B.Sc. from Trent University (Peterborough, Ont.), and a Ph.D. from the University of Canterbury (Christchurch, N.Z.). He has been employed by the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) Canada since 1984, and from 2005 to 2009 he was director of the St. Andrews Biological Station (St. Andrews, New Brunswick). Rob is currently a visiting research professor at the University of New Brunswick, where he is principal investigator of the National Science and Engineering Council (NSERC) Canadian Capture Fisheries Research Network. He has worked extensively on the ecology, assessment, and management of Atlantic herring, and more broadly on issues related to fisheries resource evaluation and fisheries management science including practical implementation of the ecosystem approach. In 2009 he co-convened the Gulf of Maine Symposium: Advancing Ecosystem Research for the Future of the Gulf.