Human Effects on the Baltic Sea Ecosystem: Fishing and Eutrophication
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The Baltic Sea food web is comparatively very simple, with three species (herring, sprat, and cod) making up about 80% of the total fish biomass (Thurow 1993). Cod (Gadus morhua) is the dominant piscivorous species, while herring (Clupea harengus) and sprat (Sprattus sprattus) dominate among zooplanktivorous species. In some areas, mysids and jellyfish can also be important zooplankton predators. All three fish species, particularly cod, are intensively fished.
- Item number: AK-SG-99-01ad
- Year: 1999
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.4027/eafm.1999.30