Conservation management issues and status of the New Zealand (Phocarctos hookeri) and Australian (Neophoca cinerea) sea lion

Conservation management issues and status of the New Zealand (Phocarctos hookeri) and Australian (Neophoca cinerea) sea lion

R.A. Campbell, B.L. Chilvers, S. Childerhouse, and N.J. Gales

Conservation management issues and status of the New Zealand (Phocarctos hookeri) and Australian (Neophoca cinerea) sea lionThis is part of Sea Lions of the World
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Description

The two antipodean sea lion species are the rarest sea lions in the world. They are relatively similar in abundance and share common conservation management concerns. Recovery from commercial sealing in the eighteenth to twentieth centuries and ongoing interactions with commercial fishing activities are primary concerns. However, there are marked differences in distribution (number of breeding colonies) and life history traits, in particular the variation in breeding cycles and population genetic structure. These factors must be taken into consideration in addressing management concerns and are reflected in the current management actions being taken for both species in regard to interactions with commercial fishing activities.

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