Review of the family Lithodidae (Crustacea: Anomura: Paguroidea): Distribution, biology, and fisheries

Review of the family Lithodidae (Crustacea: Anomura: Paguroidea): Distribution, biology, and fisheries

S.D. Zaklan

Review of the family Lithodidae (Crustacea: Anomura: Paguroidea): Distribution, biology, and fisheriesThis is part of Crabs in Cold Water Regions: Biology, Management, and Economics
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Description

The family Lithodidae is a diverse group of decapods on which investigative research is coming of age. Herein, published literature and original data are compiled and summarized. This overview includes distributions, life history parameters, morphology, and names. Lithodids are a large family of approximately 105 species that are broad-scale omnivores with seasonal reproduction. They have a global distribution but reside mainly in antitropical waters from intertidal to 4,152 m. They most likely arose in the North Pacific Ocean 13-25 million years ago. Much remains unknown about this economically important group, most likely due to their abyssal nature. Before more crab fisheries collapse or new fisheries are opened, increased research and enhanced communication among crab biologists should be initiated.

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