Alaska Sea Grant

Genetics of Subpolar Fish and Invertebrates

Table of Contents







Introduction to genetics of subpolar fish and invertebrates

A.J. Gharrett, S. Keller, R.G. Gustafson, P. Johnson, J.L. Nielsen, J.E. Seeb, L.W. Seeb, W.W. Smoker, G.H. Thorgaard, and R.L. Wilmot



Keynote address—
Using haplotype trees for phylogeographic and species inference in fish populations

A.R. Templeton



Genetics of populations: Freshwater and anadromous species


Migration of Pacific Rim chum salmon on the high seas: Insights from genetic data

L.W. Seeb, P.A. Crane, C.M. Kondzela, R.L. Wilmot, S. Urawa, N.V. Varnavskaya, and J.E. Seeb


Genetic population structure of chum salmon in the Pacific Rim inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence variation

S. Sato, H. Kojima, J. Ando, H. Ando, R.L. Wilmot, L.W. Seeb, V. Efremov, L. LeClair, W. Buchholz, D-H. Jin, S. Urawa, M. Kaeriyama, A. Urano, and S. Abe


Smaller effective population sizes evidenced by loss of microsatellite alleles in tributary-spawning populations of sockeye salmon from the Kvichak River, Alaska drainage

C. Habicht, J.B. Olsen, L. Fair, and J.E. Seeb


Microsatellite DNA data indicate distinct native populations of kokanee (Oncorhynchus nerka) persist in the Lake Sammamish basin, Washington

S.F. Young, M.R. Downen, and J.B. Shaklee


Genetic structure of wild chinook salmon populations of Southeast Alaska and northern British Columbia

C.M. Guthrie III and R.L. Wilmot


Population structure and stock identification of steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in British Columbia and the Columbia River based on microsatellite variation

T.D. Beacham, K.D. Le, and J.R. Candy


A comparison of genetic variation between an anadromous steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) population and seven derived populations sequestered in freshwater for 70 years

F. Thrower, C. Guthrie III, J. Nielsen, and J. Joyce


Genetic integrity and microgeographic population structure of westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi) in the Pend Oreille Basin in Washington

S.F. Young, J.G. McLellan, and J.B. Shaklee


Microsatellite variation in populations of Atlantic salmon from North Europe

V. Wennevik, Ø. Skaala, S.F. Titov, I. Studyonov, and G. Nævdal


The rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) complex of Lake Utopia: Threatened or misunderstood?

R.A. Curry, S.L. Currie, L. Bernatchez, and R. Saint-Laurent


Genetics of populations: Marine species


Mitochondrial DNA variation in northwestern Bering Sea walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma (Pallas)

V.A. Brykov, N.E. Polyakova, T.F. Priima, and O.N. Katugin


Analysis of the genetic structure of northwestern Bering Sea walleye pollock Theragra chalcogramma

E.A. Shubina, M.N. Mel’nikova , A.I. Glubokov, and B.M. Mednikov


Genetic population structure of Pacific hake, Merluccius productus, in the Pacific Northwest

E. Iwamoto, M.J. Ford, and R.G. Gustafson


Population structure of Alaskan shortraker rockfish, Sebastes borealis, inferred from microsatellite variation

A.P. Matala, A.K. Gray, J. Heifetz, and A.J. Gharrett


Evidence for two highly differentiated herring groups at goose bank in the Barents Sea and the genetic relationship to Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi)

K.E. Jørstad


Sub-arctic populations of European lobster (Homarus gammarus) in northern Norway

K.E. Jørstad, P.A. Prodöhl, A-L. Agnalt, M. Hughes, A.P. Apostolidis, A. Triantaphyllidis, E. Farestveit, T.S. Kristiansen, J. Mercer, and T. Svåsand


Genetics of populations: Methods and applications


Detecting specific populations in mixtures

J.H. Reynolds and W.D. Templin


Sampling issues affecting accuracy of likelihood-based classification using genetical data

B. Guinand, K.T. Scribner, A. Topchy, K.S. Page, W. Punch, and M.K. Burnham-Curtis


Moderately and highly polymorphic microsatellites provide discordant estimates of population divergence in sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka

J.B. Olsen, C. Habicht, and J.E Seeb


Forensic DNA analysis of Pacific salmonid samples for species and stock identification

R.E. Withler, J.R. Candy, T.D. Beacham, and K.M. Miller


Genetic variability: Fitness and adaptation


Outbreeding depression in hybrids between spatially separated pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) populations: Marine survival, homing ability, and variability in family size

S.E. Gilk, I.A. Wang, C.L. Hoover, W.W. Smoker, S.G. Taylor, A.K. Gray, and A.J. Gharrett


Effects on embryo development time and survival of intercrossing three geographically separate populations of Southeast Alaska coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)

K.L. Granath, W.W. Smoker, A.J. Gharrett, and J.J. Hard


Major histocompatibility complex loci are associated with susceptibility of Atlantic salmon to infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus

K.M. Miller, J.R. Winton,A.D. Schulze, M.K. Purcell, and T. J. Ming


Quantitative trait loci analyses for meristic traits in Oncorhynchus mykiss

K.M. Nichols, P.A. Wheeler, and G.H. Thorgaard


Genetic variability: Phenotype and maintenance of variation


The mating system of steelhead, Oncorhynchus mykiss, inferred by molecular analysis of parents and progeny

T.R. Seamons, P. Bentzen, and T.P. Quinn


Polygamous mating and high levels of genetic variation in lingcod (Ophiodonelongatus) of the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia

R.E. Withler, J.R. King, J.B. Marliave, B. Beaith, S. Li, K.J. Supernault, and K.M. Miller


Aquaculture genetics: Interactions of cultured and wild fish


Differential reproductive success of sympatric,naturally spawning hatchery and wild steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

J.E. McLean, P. Bentzen, and T.P. Quinn


Genetic variation within and between domesticated chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) strains and their progenitor populations

J.E. Kim, R.E. Withler, C. Ritland, and K.M. Cheng


Lopsided fish in the Snake River Basin: Fluctuating asymmetry as a way of assessing impact of hatchery supplementation in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

O. Johnson, K. Neely, and R. Waples


Temporal comparisons of genetic diversity in Lake Michigan steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) populations: Effects of hatchery supplementation

M.L. Bartron and K.T. Scribner


Aquaculture genetic: Applications


Genetic selection and molecular analysis of domesticated rainbow trout for enhanced growth on alternative diet sources

K. Overturf, D. Bullock, S. LaPatra, and R. Hardy


Improvement of sperm motility of sex-reversed male rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) by incubation in high-pH artificial seminal plasma

T. Kobayashi, S. Fushiki, and K. Ueno


Temporal and spatial occurrence of female chinook salmon carrying a male-specific genetic marker in the Columbia River watershed

T.R. Chowen and J.J. Nagler




Molecular systematics and evolution of the growth hormone introns in the Salmoninae

R.B. Phillips, M.P. Matsuoka, N.R. Konkol, and S. McKay


Karyological differentiation of northern Dolly Varden and sympatric chars of the genus Salvelinus in northeastern Russia

S.V. Frolov and V.N. Frolova


Differences between two subspecies of Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma) reveal by RFLP-PCR-analysis of mitochondrial DNA

A.G. Oleynik, L.A. Skurikhina, S.V. Frolov, V.A. Brykov, and I.A. Chereshnev


Use of microsatellite locus flanking regions for phylogenetic analysis? A preliminary study of Sebastes subgenera

T.A. Asahida, A.K. Gray, and A.J. Gharrett


Authors' index