Alaska Sea Grant
 


herring
Herring 2000: Expectations for a New Millennium

18th Lowell Wakefield Fisheries Symposium

Anchorage, Alaska, USA
February 23-26, 2000

Contact: Brenda Baxter, fyconf@uaf.edu


Program
Updated 10 February 2000

Session I: Feeding and Competition
Session II: Growth, Reproduction, and Production
Session III: Norwegian Spring Spawning Herring
Session IV: Hydrography and Environmental Impacts
Session V: Stock Assessment
Session VI: Stock Identification, Stock Structure, and Biodiversity
Session VII: Fishery Management
Session VIII: Consideration of Social and Economic Impacts
Wrap-Up
Posters


Wednesday, February 23, 2000

Registration
8:00 - 9:00 a.m.

Welcome and Introduction
9:00 - 9:20 a.m.
R.K. Dearborn, Director, Alaska Sea Grant College Program

Keynote
9:20 - 10:00 a.m.
The Role of Herring Investigations in Shaping Fisheries Science in the Past, and Expectations for the Future
Robert L. Stephenson, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Biological Station, St. Andrews, NB, Canada


Session I - Feeding and Competition
10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.

Chair: A.J. Paul, University of Alaska Fairbanks

Juvenile Herring Feeding Ecology in Prince William Sound, Alaska
Robert J. Foy and Brenda L. Norcross, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Marine Science, Fairbanks, AK

Herring (Clupea harengus) as a Key Species in Northeast Atlantic Minke Whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) Diets
Ulf Lindstrøm and Tore Haug, Norwegian Institute of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Tromsø, Norway
Ingolf Røttingen, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway

Is the Reduced Survival of Coho Salmon in the Strait of Georgia Linked to Competition from Pacific Herring?
R.J. Beamish, G.A. McFarlane, and J. Schweigert, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC, Canada

Common Factors Have Opposite Impacts on Pacific Herring in Adjacent Ecosystems
G.A. McFarlane, R.J. Beamish, and J. Schweigert, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC, Canada

Discussion


Session II - Growth, Reproduction, and Production
1:40 - 4:40 p.m.

Chair: Mei-Sun Yang, U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service

Biological Characteristics of Atlantic Herring as Described by a Long-Term Sampling Program
M.J. Power and T.D. Iles, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Biological Station, St. Andrews, NB, Canada

Age, Growth, and Hatching Date of Larval and Juvenile Spring- and Autumn-Spawning Herring (Clupea harengus) from the Vistula Lagoon (Southern Baltic) Based on Length Frequency Distribution and Otolith Analysis
Dariusz P. Fey, Sea Fisheries Institute, Department of Oceanography, Gdynia, Poland

Is the Decrease in Growth Rate of Baltic Herring Density-Dependent? A Geostatistical Application
M. Cardinale and F. Arrhenius, Institute of Marine Research, National Board of Fisheries, Lysekil, Sweden

Growth Degradation in Baltic Herring: Effects on Reproducing Capacity and Resilience of Fishing
Mika Rahikainen and Heikki Peltonen, Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland

Anatomy of a Strong Year Class: Analysis of the 1977 Year Class of Pacific Herring in British Columbia
D.E. Hay and P.B. McCarter, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC, Canada

Reproductive Strategy of the Herring in Low Salinity: A Baltic Example
M. Rajasilta, J. Eklund, and P. Laine, University of Turku, Archipelago Research Institute, Vaasa, Finland

Baltic Herring Growth Pattern in Relation to Spawning Time
J. Eklund, M. Rajasilta, and P. Laine, University of Turku, Archipelago Research Institute, Vaasa, Finland

Discussion


RECEPTION and POSTER SESSION
5:00 - 7:00 p.m.


Thursday, February 24, 2000


Session III - Norwegian Spring Spawning Herring
8:20 - 9:40 a.m.

Chair: Connie Ryan, California Department of Fish and Game

Variation in Abundance of Norwegian Spring Spawning Herring throughout the Twentieth Century and Influence by Climatic Fluctuations
Reidar Toresen and Ole Johan Østvedt, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway

The Relevance of a Former Important Spawning Area in the Present Life History of Norwegian Spring Spawning Herring
Ingolf Røttingen and Aril Slotte, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway

Spawning Migration of Norwegian Spring Spawning Herring (Clupea harengus) in Relation to Population Structure
Aril Slotte, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway

Discussion


Session IV - Hydrography and Environmental Impacts
10:00 a.m. - 2:40 p.m.

Chair: Fritz Funk, Alaska Department of Fish and Game

Impact of Two Diseases on Health and Population Abundance of Adult Pacific Herring
Gary D. Marty, University of California, School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, CA
Terrance J. Quinn II, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fisheries Division, Juneau, AK

Incorporating Disease Information into a Stock Assessment Model for Prince William Sound Pacific Herring
Terrance J. Quinn II, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fisheries Division, Juneau, AK
Gary D. Marty, University of California, School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, CA
John Wilcock, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Juneau, AK
Mark Willette, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Cordova, AK

Modeling of Herring Population Fluctuations
Ellina V. Sycheva, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Automation and Control Processes, Vladivostok, Russia

Distribution, Density, and Abundance of Herring (Clupea harengus) in the Sound (ICES Subdivision 23) in Relation to Hydrographical Features
J. Rasmus Nielsen, Bo Lundgren, Torben F. Jensen, and Karl-Johan Stæhr, Danish Institute for Fisheries Research (DIFRES), Department of Fish Biology, Hirtshals, Denmark

Environmental Impact on the Early Life History of the Norwegian Spring Spawning Herring
R. Sætre, P. Fossum, Reidar Toresen,* and H. Bjørke, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway

Effect of Herring Egg Distribution and Ecology on Year-Class Strength and Adult Distribution
Evelyn D. Brown and Brenda L. Norcross, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Marine Science, Fairbanks, AK

The Effects of Salinity and Creosote on Development in the Pacific Herring
Carol A. Vines, Frederick J. Griffin, and Thea Hibbard-Robbins, University of California, Davis, Bodega Marine Laboratory, Bodega Bay, CA
Gary N. Cherr1, University of California, Davis, Department of Environmental Toxicology, Bodega Bay, CA

Spawning Stock Fluctuations and Recruitment Variability Related to Temperature for Selected Herring (Clupea harengusL.) Stocks in the North Atlantic
Reidar Toresen, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway

Discussion


Special Session - Status of the World's Herring Stocks
3:00 - 5:00 p.m.

Moderator: Doug Hay, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada

SOCIAL HOUR and POSTER SESSION
5:00 - 7:00 p.m.


Friday, February 25, 2000


Session V - Stock Assessment
8:20 - 11:40 a.m.

Chair: Doug Hay, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Survival of Pacific Herring Eggs on Giant Kelp in San Francisco Bay
Sara Peterson, San Francisco State University, Department of Biology, San Francisco, CA

Seasonal Variations in Herring Target Strength
E. Ona, X. Zhao, I. Svellingen, and J.E. Fosseidengen, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway

Modeling Egg Loss from Pacific Herring Spawning Beds
J. Schweigert and C. Haegele, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Science Branch, Nanaimo, BC, Canada

Herring Tilt Angles, Measured through Target Tracking
E. Ona, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway

Latitudinal Difference in Recruitment Dynamics of Clupeid Fishes in the Northwestern Pacific
Yoshiro Watanabe, Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Estimating Recruitment of Juvenile Pacific Herring in Prince William Sound, Alaska
Brenda L. Norcross, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Marine Science, Fairbanks, AK

New Technologies for the New Millennium: Remote Sensing Applications for Herring Stock Assessment and Management
Fritz Funk, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Juneau, AK

Acoustic Surveys of Gulf of Maine Herring Aggregations by Commercial Fishing Vessels
Phil Yund, Gulf of Maine Aquarium Portland, ME

Discussion


Session VI - Stock Identification, Stock Structure, and Biodiversity
1:20 - 5:20 p.m.
Chair: Reidar Toresen, Institute of Marine Research, Norway

Herring Stock Structure, Stock Discreteness, and Biodiversity
R.L. Stephenson, K.J. Clark, M.J. Power, F.J. Fife, and G.D. Melvin, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Biological Station, St. Andrews, NB, Canada

Morphometric Variation among Atlantic Herring Spawning Groups of the U. S. Coastal Stock Complex
Michael P. Armstrong, Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries, Gloucester, MA
Steven X. Cadrin, National Marine Fisheries Service, Northeast Fisheries Science Center, Woods Hole, MA

White Sea Herring
G. Novikov, A. Karpov, A. Andreeva, and M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow State University, Biology Department, Moscow, Russia

A Tagging Experiment on Spring-Spawning Baltic Herring (Clupea harengus membras) in Southwest Finland in 1990-1998
Juha Kääriä, University of Turku, Archipelago Research Institute, Turku, Finland
Jan Eklund, The Water Rights Appeal Court, Vaasa, Finland
Nils Jönsson, University of Rostock, Fachbereich Biologie, Rostock, Germany
Matti Naarminen, Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Marjut Rajasilta,* University of Turku, Archipelago Research Institute, Turku, Finland

Distinguishing Different Stocks of Herring Using DNA Analyses
Calle André, Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory, Strömstad, Sweden
Fredrik Arrhenius,* Institute of Marine Research, National Board of Fisheries, Lysekil, Sweden
Mats Envall and Per Sundgren, Göteborg University, Department of Zoology, Göteborg, Sweden

Microsatellite-Based Analyses of Population Structure in Atlantic Herring
A. McPherson and C.T. Taggart, Dalhousie University, Department of Oceanography, Halifax, NS, Canada
D. Cook, Dalhousie University, Marine Gene Probe Laboratory, Halifax, NS, Canada

Intermingling of Herring Stocks in the Barents Sea Area and Stock Discrimination by Diagnostic Genetic Markers
K.E. Jørstad, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway
G.G. Novikov, Moscow State University, Department of Ichthyology, Moscow, Russia
N.J. Stasenkov, SevPINRO, Arkhangelsk, Russia
I. Røttingen, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway
V.A. Stasenkov, SevPINRO, Arkhangelsk, Russia,
V. Wennevik, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway
A.N. Golubev, Moscow State University, Department of Ichthyology, Moscow, Russia
O.I. Paulsen, Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway
A.K. Karpov, Moscow State University, Department of Ichthyology, Moscow, Russia
L. Telitsina, SevPINRO, Arkhangelsk, Russia
A. Andreeva and A.N. Stroganov, Moscow State University, Department of Ichthyology, Moscow, Russia

Status of the U.S. Atlantic Herring Coastal Stock Complex and Its Smaller, but More Heavily Exploited Component, The Gulf of Maine Stock
David K. Stevenson, Maine Department of Marine Resources, W. Boothbay Harbor, ME

Population Structure of Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasi) from the Sea of Japan and Okhotsk Sea
Y.P. Kartavtsev and I.G. Rybnikova, Institute of Marine Biology, Vladivostok, Russia

Gizhiga-Kamchatka Herring: Stock Level and the Outlook for Exploration
A.A. Smirnov, TINRO Magadan Branch, Magadan, Russia

Discussion


SOCIAL HOUR and POSTER SESSION
5:00 - 7:00 p.m.


Saturday, February 26, 2000


Session VII - Fishery Management

Chair: Dave Witherell, North Pacific Fishery Management Council
8:20 - 11:00 a.m.

Optimum Number of Spawners for Sakhalin-Hokkaido Herring Population
G.M. Pushnikova and E.R. Ivshina,* Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (SakhNIRO), Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russia

Changes in the Management of North Sea Herring and Prospects for the New Millennium
J.H. Nichols, Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft Laboratory, Lowestoft, Suffolk, UK

Baltic Herring Fisheries Management: A Biological, Technical, and Socioeconomic Approach
Tiit Raid and Ahto Järvik, Estonian Marine Institute, Tallinn, Estonia

Back to the Future--A New or Old Way of Managing a Herring Fishery
Denis Tremblay, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Resource Management, Dalhousie, Québec, Canada

Industry Acoustic Surveys as the Basis for In-Season Decisions in a Co-Management Regime
G.D. Melvin, R.L. Stephenson, M.J. Power, F.J. Fife, and K.J. Clark, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Biological Station, St. Andrews, NB, Canada

Present State of the Okhotsk Herring Population after Large-Scale Fishery Resumption
V.I. Radchenko and I.V. Melnikov, Pacific Scientific Research Fisheries Centre (TINRO-centre), Vladivostok, Russia

Discussion


Session VIII - Consideration of Social and Economic Impacts
11:20 a.m. - 12:40 p.m.

Chair: Rob Stephenson, Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Changing Markets for Alaska's Roe Herring Products
Gunnar Knapp, University of Alaska Anchorage, Institute for Social and Economic Research, Anchorage, AK
Terry Johnson, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Marine Advisory Program, Homer, AK

Mathematical Modeling of Quantity Dynamics of Fish Populations and Management of Trade
Yefim Ya. Frisman and Ellina V. Sycheva, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Automation and Control Processes, Vladivostok, Russia

Biological and Industrial Aspects of the Herring Fishery in the Northern Baltic Sea
Rob Stephenson, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Biological Station, St. Andrews, NB, Canada
Sakari Kuikka, Heikki Peltonen, Jukka Ponni, and Mika Rahikainen, Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Helsinki, Finland

Discussion


Wrap-up
A.J. Paul, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Marine Science
12:40 - 1:00 p.m.


Posters


Session I: Wednesday, February 23, 2000
5:30 - 6:30 p.m.

Estimating Whole Body Energy Content for Juvenile Pacific Herring from Condition Factor, Dry Weight, and Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio
A.J. Paul and J.M. Paul, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Institute of Marine Science, Seward, AK
T.C. Kline Jr., Prince William Sound Science Center, Cordova, AK

Herring as Prey off the Western Bering Sea Continental Slope
A.M. Orlov and S.I. Moiseev, Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO), Moscow, Russia

The Trophic Position of Pacific Herring in Prince William Sound, Alaska, Based on Their Carbon and Nitrogen Stable Isotope Abundance
Thomas C. Kline Jr., Prince William Sound Science Center, Cordova, AK

Distribution and Stomach Contents of Herring Juveniles on the West Coast of Hokkaido, Japan
Masayoshi Sasaki, Ryotaro Ishida, and Shiro Takayanagi, Hokkaido Central Fisheries Experimental Station, Yoichi, Hokkaido, Japan


Session II: Thursday, February 24, 2000
5:30 - 6:30 p.m.

Characteristics of the Spawning Grounds of Sakhalin-Hokkaido Herring
Elsa. R. Ivshina, Sakhalin Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (SakhNIRO), Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, Russia

Changes in Abundance of Herring in the Northwest Pacific Ocean in Relation to Climatic Changes
A.M. Orlov and A.S. Krovnin, Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO), Moscow, Russia

Walleye Pollock Fishery and Herring Stocks Protection in the Northern Sea of Okhotsk
A.M. Orlov, Russian Federal Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO), Moscow, Russia

Production Characteristics of Herring in the Far Eastern Seas
N.I. Naumenko, Kamchatka Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (KamchatNIRO), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia

Some Biological Characteristics and Enhancement of Local Populations in Northern Japan
Tokimasa Kobayashi, Hokkaido National Fisheries Research Institute, Kushiro, Hokkaido, Japan

Study on the Spawning Beds of the Local Population of Ishikari Bay Herring in the Sea of Japan, Hokkaido Island, Northern Japan
Hiroshi Hoshikawa, Ken-ichiro Tajima, and Tadashi Kawai, Hokkaido Central Fisheries Experimental Station, Yoichi, Hokkaido, Japan
Masahide Tada and Akio Takiya, Hokkaido Wakkanai Fisheries Experimental Station, Wakkanai, Hokkaido, Japan
Sin-ichi Nabata, Hokkaido Kushiro Fisheries Experimental Station, Kushiro, Hokkaido, Japan

Herring Egg Bed Surveys on the Eastern Maine Coast, 1983-1988 and 1997-1999
David K. Stevenson, Maine Department of Marine Resources, W. Boothbay Harbor ME
Christopher E. Wentzell-Brehme, The Island Institute, Rockland ME

Life History Adaptation of Clupea Fishes
Yuu Nakayama, Hiroyuki Matsuda, and Yoshiro Watanabe, University of Tokyo, Ocean Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan


Session III: Friday, February 25, 2000
5:30 - 6:30 p.m.

Conditions of Reproduction of Western Bering Sea Herring
N.I. Naumenko and A.A. Bonk, Kamchatka Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (KamchatNIRO), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia

Effects of Geographical Location, Fish Length, and Condition on Fecundity and Maturation in Norwegian Spring Spawning Herring (Clupea harengus)
Gudmundur J. Oskarsson, Olav Sigurd Kjesbu, and Aril Slotte, Institute of Marine Research, Department of Marine Environment, Bergen, Norway

Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasi pallasi) of the Nerpichye, Kalygyr, and Viluy Lakes (East Kamchatka)
I.K. Trofimov, Kamchatka Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (KamchatNIRO), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia

Relationship between Birth Date and Growth of Pacific Herring Larvae on the West Coast of Hokkaido, Japan
Ryotaro Ishida, Masayoshi Sasaki, Shiro Takayanagi, and Hideo Yoshida, Hokkaido Central Fisheries Experimental Station, Yoichi, Hokkaido, Japan

The Dynamic of Adult Stock of Okhotsk Herring
Roman N. Farkhutdinov, Okhotsk Laboratory of Magadan Branch TINRO-centre, Khabarovsk, Russia
Vladimir A. Belyaev, Khabarovsk Branch TINRO-Centre, Khabarovsk, Russia

Sexual Isometry and Life History Allometry in Atlantic Herring
T.D. Iles and M.J. Power, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Biological Station, St. Andrews, NB, Canada

Seasonal Hydrography and Tidal Currents of Bays and Fjords in Prince William Sound, Alaska Used as Nursery Habitats by Juvenile Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasi)
S.M. Gay III and S.L. Vaughan, Prince William Sound Science Center, Cordova, AK


* indicates contact person/presenter if not first author


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