Forage Fishes in Marine Ecosystems

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Forage Fishes in Marine Ecosystems: Introduction to the Symposium
Robert M. Meyer

Prey Resource Partitioning Among Several Species of Forage Fishes in Prince William Sound, Alaska
Mark Willette, Molly Sturdevant, and Stephen Jewett

Pelagic Fishes and Their Macroplankton Prey: Swimming Speeds
Sergey M. Ignatyev

Predation by Sprat and Herring on Early Life Stages of Cod and Sprat in the Central Baltic
Friedrich W. Köster and Christian Möllmann

Bioenergetics Estimation of Juvenile Pollock Food Consumption in the Gulf of Alaska
Lorenzo Ciannelli and Richard Brodeur

Top-Down Controls by Young-of-the-Year Herring (Clupea harengus) in the Northern Baltic Proper
Fredrik Arrhenius

Biological Investigations on Pacific Sandfish (Trichodon trichodon) in the Northern Gulf of Alaska
Judy McDonald Paul, A.J. Paul, Tyson J. Vogeler and John P. Doyle

Winter Dormancy in the Pacific Sand Lance (Ammodytes hexapterus) in Relation to Gut Evacuation Time
Lorenzo Ciannelli

Predator-Prey Interactions of Demersal Fish Species and Capelin (Mallotus villosus) in Icelandic Waters
Ólafur K. Pálsson

Blue Whiting (Micromesistius poutassou) as a Forage Fish in Portuguese Waters
A. Silva, M. Azevedo, H. Cabral, P. Machado, A. Murta, and M.A. Silva

Seabird Consumption in Sand Lance MSVPA Models for the North Sea, and the Impact of Industrial Fishing on Seabird Population Dynamics
R.W. Furness and M.L. Tasker

Selection of Forage-Fish Schools by Murrelets and Tufted Puffins in Prince William Sound, Alaska
William D. Ostrand, Kenneth O. Coyle, Gary S. Drew, John M. Maniscalco, and David B. Irons

Seabird Behaviors at Forage Fish Schools in Prince William Sound, Alaska
John M. Maniscalco and William D. Ostrand

Seabird Impacts on Forage Fish: Population and Behavioral Interactions
Elizabeth A. Logerwell and N. Brent Hargreaves

Shrimp Fishery and Capelin Decline May Influence Decline of Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina) and Northern Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus) in Western Gulf of Alaska
Donald J. Hansen

Role of Fishes in Predator Diets of the Pacific Slope of the Northern Kuril Islands and Southeastern Kamchatka
Alexei M. Orlov

Using Pacific Halibut to Sample the Availability of Forage Fishes to Seabirds
David G. Roseneau and G. Vernon Byrd

Predation-Competition Interactions of Yellow Perch (Perca flavescens) and Alewife (Alosa pseudoharengus) in Southern Lake Michigan: A Model Analysis
Sture Hansson, David M. Post, James F. Kitchell, and Thomas S. McComish

Confirming Forage Fish Food Web Dependencies in Prince William Sound Using Natural Stable Isotope Tracers
Thomas C. Kline Jr.

Myctophids of the Sound Scattering Layer and Their Place in Pelagic Food Webs
S.A. Tsarin

Trophic Role of Atka Mackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius) in the Aleutian Islands
Mei-Sun Yang

Food Web Interactions in a Baltic Sea Coastal Area
Sture Hansson, Fredrik Arrhenius, and Sture Nellbring

Forage Fishes in the Brackish Gulf of Riga Ecosystem
Henn Ojaveer, Ain Lankov, Alide Lumberg, and Aleksei Turovski

Interecosystem Impacts of Forage Fish Fisheries
Johanne Fischer, Richard L. Haedrich, and Peter R. Sinclair

Mesopelagic Fishes as Prey of Atka Mackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius, Hexagrammidae, Scorpaeniformes) off the Northern Kuril Islands
Alexei M. Orlov

Myctophids in the Bering Sea: Distribution, Abundance, and Significance as Food for Salmonids
Kazuya Nagasawa, Akira Nishimura, Toru Asanuma, and Takashi Marubayashi

Seabird, Marine Mammal, and Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (SMMOCI) near Unimak Pass, Alaska
G. Vernon Byrd, Richard L. Merrick, John F. Piatt, and Brenda L. Norcross

Stock-Recruitment Relationships and Recruitment Patterns for Forage Fish Stocks
Jie Zheng

Abundance and Behavior of Capelin Schools (Mallotus villosus) from Aerial Surveys
Brian S. Nakashima and Gary A. Borstad

Investigations of Intertidal Spawning Habitats of Surf Smelt and Pacific Sand Lance in Puget Sound, Washington
Daniel E. Penttila

Pacific Sand Lance Growth, Seasonal Availability, Movements, Catch Variability, and Food in the Kodiak-Cook Inlet Area of Alaska
James E. Blackburn and Paul J. Anderson

Variability in Sand Lance Larvae (Ammodytes hexapterus) from the Northwest Pacific
Sergey S. Grigorev and Nina A. Sedova

Initial Results for the Pop Net as a Tool for Collecting Pelagic Estuarine Fishes
Stacy Moore Hagan and Kenneth W. Able

Walleye Pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) in the Western Gulf of Alaska: The Importance of Nursery Areas
Matthew T. Wilson

Changes in Forage Fish Populations in Kachemak Bay, Alaska, 1976-1995
William R. Bechtol

Abundance and Changes in Distribution, Biology, and Behavior of Capelin in Response to Cooler Waters of the 1990s
J. Carscadden and B.S. Nakashima

The Barents Sea Capelin Stock (Mallotus villosus): A Brief Review
Harald Gjøsæter

Acoustic Estimates of Barents Sea Arctic Cod Stock (Boreogadus saida)
Harald Gjøsæter and Nikolay G. Ushakov

Abundance and Distribution of Northern Anchovy Eggs and Larvae (Engraulis mordax) off the Oregon Coast, Mid-1970s vs. 1994 and 1995
Robert L. Emmett, Paul J. Bentley, and Michael H. Schiewe

The Eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus) as an Indicator Species in the North Pacific
D.E. Hay, J. Boutillier, M. Joyce, and G. Langford

Declines of Forage Species in the Gulf of Alaska, 1972-1995, as an Indicator of Regime Shift
Paul J. Anderson, James E. Blackburn, and B. Alan Johnson

Global Climate Cycles and Pacific Forage Fish Stock Fluctuations
Leonid B. Klyashtorin

Continental Shelf Area and Distribution, Abundance, and Habitat of Herring in the North Pacific
D.E. Hay and P.B. McCarter

Distribution of Juvenile Pollock Relative to Frontal Structure Near the Pribilof Islands, Bering Sea
Richard D. Brodeur, Matthew T. Wilson, Jeffrey M. Napp, Phyllis J. Stabeno, and Sigrid Salo

Interactions Between Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) and Its Prey Species in the Barents Sea
Bjarte Bogstad and Sigbjørn Mehl

Can Management of Barents Sea Capelin Be Improved by Multispecies Modeling?
Sigurd Tjelmeland

Copepod Nauplii Abundance in an Alaskan Glaciated Fjord During Spring Walleye Pollock Hatch in 1988 and 1991
A.J. Paul, J.M. Paul, and L.A. Clayton

The Other F: Forage Considerations in Fisheries Management
Robert L. Stephenson

Role of Pacific Herring in the British Columbia Marine Ecosystem
Jacob F. Schweigert

Long- and Short-Term Responses of Seabirds in the Norwegian and Barents Seas to Changes in Stocks of Prey Fish
Tycho Anker-Nilssen, Robert T. Barrett, and Juri V. Krasnov

Decline of Pigeon Guillemot Populations in Prince William Sound, Alaska, and Apparent Changes in Distribution and Abundance of Their Prey
D.L. Hayes and K.J. Kuletz

Long-term Changes in Diets and Populations of Piscivorous Birds and Mammals in Prince William Sound, Alaska
K.J. Kuletz, D.B. Irons, B.A. Agler, and J.F. Piatt, and D.C. Duffy

Geographical Variation in Somatic Energy Content of Migrating Pink Salmon Fry from Prince William Sound: A Tool to Measure Nutritional Status
A.J. Paul and Mark Willette

Proximate Composition of Some Northeastern Pacific Forage Species
Susan A. Payne, B. Alan Johnson, and Robert S. Otto

Variation in Lipid Content of Forage Fishes and Its Effect on Energy Provisioning Rates to Seabird Nestlings
Jill A. Anthony and Daniel D. Roby

Ecosystem Impacts of Harvesting Small Pelagic Fish in Upwelling Systems: Using a Dynamic Mass-Balance Model
S. Mackinson, M. Vasconcellos, T. Pitcher, C. Walters and K. Sloman

Workshop Discussion
Moderator, D.E. Hay

A Forage Fish Is What? Summary of the Symposium
Alan M. Springer and Suzann G. Speckman

Participants


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